Avianca plane crashes
The following are significant events involving the airline or its subsidiares since 1970. The numbered events are those involving at least one airline passenger death where the aircraft flight had a direct or indirect role, and where at least one of the dead passengers was not a stowaway, hijacker, or saboteur.
- 27 November 1983; Avianca 747-200; near Madrid, Spain: The aircraft was approaching the Madrid airport at night when it descended too low and hit the ground. All 20 crew and 161 of the 172 passengers were killed.
- 17 March 1988; Avianca 727-21; Near Cucuta, Colombia: The aircraft hit high ground in haze and mist after takeoff. All seven crew members and 132 passengers were killed
- 27 November 1989; Avianca 727-21; Near Bogota, Colombia: The aircraft crashed after a bomb detonated during climb. All six crew and 101 passengers were killed.
- 25 January 1990; Avianca 707-300; Cove Neck, NY: The aircraft crashed about 20 miles (32 km) from the airport due to fuel exhaustion during its second approach to JFK airport after a scheduled flight from Medellin, Colombia. The NTSB determined that the accident happened in part due to the crew's inadequate fuel management and their failure to communicate their fuel status to ATC. Eight of the nine crew members and 65 of the 149 passengers were killed. There were 11 infants among the passengers, and one of the infants was killed.